When it comes to energy efficiency, eco-friendly products and a sustainable lifestyle can help you a great deal. Take the example of Bhutan which has become the most organic country in the world which does less processing in food and other production. In fact, it is the only country in the world that is carbon negative.
That Energy Efficiency is a key issue for climate action, UN Sustainable Development Goal No 13 was adopted by key energy agencies in the US and in the world back in 2016. That’s why they started the energy efficiency day concept which is celebrated every year on Oct 6.
This day is dedicated to making people realise the power of energy efficiency and how it can create a healthy life and save costs.
What does energy efficiency mean?
When we speak of energy efficiency, it means how efficiently we use products and things that use less energy in their production, manufacturing, transportation and even in normal usage. Energy efficiency isn’t just switching off your electronic devices, saving electricity or using renewable energy. It also involves using products that require less processing – that is, less amount of water and energy to make them, less energy to transport them to the customer and lastly how it is used.
How does it work in daily life?
For example, it’s no use if one uses an organic shampoo or conditioner but gets it shipped from abroad or if one needs to heat it up or mix in hot water to use it. Both these acts expend energy. Rather a local organically manufactured natural shampoo or conditioner is more energy-efficient. As one can use it directly and doesn’t require much transportation.
Another good example of energy-efficient eco-friendly products is food items. Even a relatively high energy efficient product like honey requires much processing when grown commercially. A normally processed honey which requires 62kg of nectar and 100% thermal processing per kg of production emits 0.6-0.92kg carbon dioxide per kg of the product. That can be reduced if we switch to organic naturally made honey.
Similarly, cosmetics like kajals, eye serums etc need a lot of water and electricity to extract them. We can simply use a more energy-efficient variant where natural ingredients like essential oils, desi cow ghee, herbs like Triphala tulsi etc are compressed for 21 days to make a completely natural and organic kajal.
In the case of plastic utensils and food containers like water bottles, cups, plates, bowls etc the energy used in production is quite large.
To make a 1 litre plastic bottle 2 litres water and 4 million joules of energy is required. Every ton of this plastic emits 3 tons of carbon dioxide.
That can be eliminated when we switch to areca leaf or sugarcane bagasse disposables. These products are made from leaves and stems of the plant which are extracted, air-dried and compressed over days to give us the fine eco-friendly plates, cups and bottles.
So, that’s how a simple switch can go a long way in making India energy efficient.
The country is the third-largest user of primary source, 56% of it is used by industries making products for us.
For that to change our habits must change and that starts with sustainable living.
Take the example of Ireland which has reduced their energy consumption by 15% in recent years. Germany has become the most energy efficient country in the world, by scoring 65 points out of 100. We need to take India there. That’s what energy efficiency day is all about.